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8 - First Kurultaj Khorezm

In April 1920 in Hive Kurultaj the first Khorezm (meeting) of the people's representatives instead. Kurultaj said the lifting of the khanate Hivinsky and activists mladokhiva program was accepted as the basis for the new government. Kurultaj Council is formed by the public Mazir. Bolshevik Russia was postponed to detect the formation of the new state, but in a nutshell has his contract on 13 Signed in September 1920. In this agreement, Russia recognized the independence of the People's Republic of Khorezm. Military agreements, political and economic, which was completed at that time, promised the support of the Russian Bolshevik Republic of Khorezm. But at the same time, the freedom of economic development of the new country was limited: it is to these products, "In light of the principle of mutual support ... The Republic of Khorezm places all resources available to the Russian Republic." such as cotton and cotton products, leather materials, the tapestries, the product of the skin, wool and seeds. In this way, the Khorezm republics were lost for the right to free trade with other countries. The economy is linked exclusively to Russia and Russian economic demands, and he was dependent on Russia. Hiva was made the capital of the Republic in Khorezm. Populations of the Republic of Khorezm in 1918 was 25 000, divided into ninety-four maktialla, usually consisting of individuals who are likely to use only manufactured or craft. Most workers (80%) were mardihers, but the workers were not stable. The number of factory workers was extremely low. More popular was hlopkovoj industries. Forty eight two maslobojnyj hlopkoochistitelnyh and factories were placed in hive. In addition, there were five brickyards, diesel power plant, the bathroom and the phone (s built 1920-1921) for twenty-one subscribers. The craft consisted of 214 small factories where 1,200 people (nearly 25%) working adult population. The representatives of the Muslim clergy occupied 2.2% of the population in the Republic. As the capital of Hiva was the political administrative center of the new republic. The seat of the new government were the political and social organizations in the city. Among them were Flazir the Council, the Central Executive Committee (since May 1921), and Turkmen and Kazakh Karakalpak departments.